On the global map of values, Belarus, Lithuania and Ukraine are surrounded by countries, where traditional values of survival still dominate the societies. Among other things it means patriarchal perception of gender roles. That is why, in spite of the different political contexts, in all three countries, women’s participation in politics is undervalued, they feel a strong negative impact of gender stereotypes and lack of public support and support from party structures. However, positive trends can also be observed. The participants of the survey expressed a strong belief that the presence of women is important for the quality of government policy which anticipates qualitative changes in social practices of the three countries.